1. Greetings, farewells and good manners
Greetings, farewells and good manners are very common expressions in everyday speech, so they are very useful to be able to establish good communication with English speakers.
2. Types of greetings, farewells and good manners in English
These are expressions that you say when you meet someone.
GREETINGS USE Hello You use it when you meet people or start talking to someone. Hi The same as "hello" but it's more colloquial. How are you? Friendly greeting you use when you meet soneone you know. Welcome Used to greet people in a warm and inviting way. Good morning Can be used instead of hello in the morning (5:00 to 12:00) Good afternoon Can be used instead of hello in the afternoon.
(12.00 to 18.00)
Good evening Can be used instead of hello in the evening (after 18.00)Hello, Joss!Good morning, Martha! How are you?Fine, thanks.
They are expressions used to say goodbye to people.
FAREWELLS USE Goodbye A word you say when you leave someone or someone leaves you. Bye The same as "goodbye" but it's more colloquial. Have a nice day Used to express good wishes when you say goodbye. Have a good weekend Used to express you wish another person to enjoy the weekend. Good night Used to say goodbye in the evening or at night or before going to bed. See you later Used to say goodbye to someone you expect to see again soon.Good night is only used to say goodbye when you know you are not going to see the person/people again that evening.Good night, dad.Good night, son.Bye, Bryan.Goodbye, have a nice day!Thank you, see you later!
- POLITE SENTENCES
These are expressions used to treat people politely and with courtesy.
POLITE SENTENCES USE Please A word you say when you want to make a request
or ask a question in a polite way.
Thank you Used to tell someone you are grateful for what they
have said or done.
Thank you very much The same as "thank you" but with greater emphasis. You're welcome A possible reply to "thank you".Do you need help?Yes, please. I have to cut the onions.I can help you.Thank you.You're welcome.We can also use welcome to greet someone that has just arrived.
- Welcome to the circus!- Welcome aboard!
POLITE SENTENCES USE Sorry Used when you want to apologize for something you have said
No problem A reply you use when somone says "sorry". Don't worry about it Another reply to "sorry".- Sorry for the wait. The bus was late.- Don't worry about it. POLITE SENTENCES USE Excuse me Used when you want to catch someone's attention
or to interrupt politely.- Excuse me, do you know where the cathedral is?- It's in front of you!- Excuse me, teacher. I have a question.- What is your question?
POLITE SENTENCES USE You too Used to answer to someone's general good wishes. The same to you Used to answer to someone's general good wishes.- Have a nice weekend!- The same to you.
- COURTESY TITLES
They are ways to address people according to their social or marital status.
English USE Mr. Used in front of the surname or full name of a male person
whether he is married or not.
Miss Used in front of the surname or full name of an unmarried female. Mrs. Used in front of the surname or full name of a married female. Ms. Used in front of the surname or full name of a female
whether she is married or not.Good morning, Mrs. Waters, can I help you?Yes, please. Do you know where my husband, Mr. Waters, is?Yes, he's waiting for you to have breakfast.It is also common to use Miss to address a female teacher and Mr. to male teachers.
- I want to do the exam again, Miss Carol.- No, you can't.
Definition English USE
Courtesy titles basedon nobility
Used before the name of a manwho is a knight or a baronet.
Lady (+ name)
Used before the name of a womanof high social rank.- You've got a beautiful palace, Lady Elizabeth.- I know, Sir Robert.
Sir is a treatment used to refer to men and madam to refer to women in a formal way.Excuse me sir, where is the bank?What would you like to drink, madam?
How are you?
Have a nice day
Have a good weekend
See you later
Thank you very much
Don't worry about it
The same to you