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Practice with the exercises:
Exercise 1

1. The future simple going to

We use the structure going to when we want to refer to actions that will be carried out in the future.
Samuel is going to play tennis this afternoon.
We are going to go bowling tonight.

2. Structure of the future simple going to

  • Affirmative form

    In the affirmative sentences, we place the construction going to between the verb to be and the main verb in the infinitive.

    Subject auxiliarY Going to verb (Infinitive) Examples
    I am going to swim I'm going to swim at the beach.
    You are You're going to swim at the beach.
    He is He's going to swim at the beach.
    She She's going to swim at the beach.
    It It's going to swim at the beach.
    We are We're going to swim at the beach.
    You You're going to swim at the beach.
    They They're going to swim at the beach.
    In sentences where the main verb is go, this is usually omitted to avoid verb repetition.
    I am going to ( go to) school next week.
  • Negative form

    In negative sentences, the construction going to is placed between the verb to be in negative and the main verb in the infinitive.

    Subject auxiliarY Going to verb (Infinitive) Examples
    I am not
    'm not
    going to swim I'm not going to swim at the beach.
    You are not
    aren't
    You're not going to swim at the beach.
    He is not
    isn't
    He's not going to swim at the beach.
    She She's not going to swim at the beach.
    It It's not going to swim at the beach.
    We are not
    aren't
    We're not going to swim at the beach.
    You You're not going to swim at the beach.
    They They're not going to swim at the beach.
  • Interrogative form
    In interrogative sentences, the verb to be is placed first, followed by the subject, then the structure going to, and finally the main verb in the infinitive.
    auxiliarY Subject Going to verb (Infinitive) Examples
    Am I going to swim? Am I going to swim at the beach?
    Are you Are you going to swim at the beach?
    Is he Is he going to swim at the beach?
    she Is she going to swim at the beach?
    it Is it going to swim at the beach?
    Are we Are we going to swim at the beach?
    you Are we going to swim at the beach?
    they Are they going to swim at the beach?

    Interrogative sentences in future with going to, also have their own short answers.

    Adverb Subject auxiliarY
    Yes, I am
    you are
    he is
    she
    it
    we are
    you
    they
    Adverb Subject auxiliarY
    No, I 'm not
    you 're not
    aren't
    he 's not
    isn't
    she
    it
    we 're not
    aren't
    you
    they
    Are they going to (go to) their graduation party?
    Yes, they are.
    When the verb following the expression going to is the verb go, it is usually omitted to avoid repetition.
    Is Conrad going to buy a new car?
    No, he isn't.

3. How do we use the going to?

  • Going to is used to express a person's intention to perform a certain activity in the more or less near future. The decision to perform such an activity has been made at some point in the past.
    In Summer I'm going to travel to Hawaii.
  • It is also used to express the speaker's certainty that something will happen in the future, based on evidence in the present.
    Our team is not going to win.
    Mike is going to pass the 1st year.

Remember!

Going to is a construction used to express a person's intention to perform an activity in the more or less near future and to express a prediction about the future based on evidence in the present.
  Structure Examples
AFFIRMATIVE Subject + to be + going to + infinitive I'm going to visit my sister next Saturday.
NEGATIVE Subject + to be + not + going to + infinitive Sara isn't going to wear a dress at the party.
INTERROGATIVE To be + subject + going to + infinitive? Are they going to paint their bedroom? No, they aren't.

 

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