1. The future simple will
The future simple is a verb tense that we usually use to express actions or events that will happen at a later time than the present moment.
I think this project won't be successful.
I will be the best dancer in the world.
2. Structure of the future simple will
- Affirmative form
Subject auxiliarY Verb
Examples I will
watch I will watch a film. you You will watch a film. he He will watch a film. she She will watch a film. it It will watch a film. we We will watch a film. you You will watch a film. they They will watch a film.In oral speech or informal writing, the contracted form 'll is preferred. However, this form can only be used when the subject is a personal pronoun. (I, you, he, she, etc.).Mary will work in a restaurant. / Mary'll work in a restaurant.She will work in a restaurnat. / She'll work in a restaurant.
- Negative form
Subject auxiliarY Verb
Examples I will not
watch I won't watch a film. you You won't watch a film. he He won't watch a film. she She won't watch a film. it It won't watch a film. we We won't watch a film. you You won't watch a film. they They won't watch a film.It is more common to use the contracted form won't than will not.
- Interrogative form
auxiliarY Subject Verb
Examples Will I watch? Will I watch a film? you Will you watch a film? he Will he watch a film? she Will she watch a film? it Will it watch a film? we Will we watch a film? you Will you watch a film? they Will they watch a film?
Interrogative sentences in future simple also have their own short answers.
Adverb Subject AuxiliarY Yes, I will you he she it we you they Adverb Subject AuxiliarY No, I won't you he she it we you theyWill you take me to the airport tomorrow? Yes, I will.Will you make dinner tonight? No, I won't. I haven't got time.
3. How is will used?
The future simple is used for:
- Spontaneous decisions about the future, i.e., the actions to be carried out have not been planned before the present moment. They are usually promises, requests or offers, among others.
I'll buy you a present from London.I'll bring you another spoon.
- Facts that will be true in the future.
We won't work next Monday.The winner will get a gold medal.
- General predictions based on opinions rather than facts. They are usually reinforced with constructions such as I think, I don't think, probably, I'm sure, among others.
I'm sure you will do well in the new job.Do you think we will use flying cars in the future?
4. Future simple with the modal verb shall
In formal British English with the future simple they sometimes use shall instead of will. However, shall is used less and less.
- This form can be used when we make offers and suggestions only with the pronouns I and we.
Shall I Iay the table?Shall we eat pizza tonight?
The future simple is used to express spontaneous decisions and general predictions based on opinions about the future.
|AFFIRMATIVE||Subject + will + verb + (object)||Phoebe will take the 3.30 p.m. train.|
|NEGATIVE||Subject + will + not + verb + (object)||I won't send the letters until tomorrow.|
|INTERROGATIVE||Will + Subject + verb + (object)?||Will you invite me to have lunch? Yes, I will.|