1. Comparative and superlative adjectives
Comparative adjectives are used to compare a certain characteristic or quality between two or more things, animals or people.
Superlative adjectives express the maximum degree of a characteristic of an element in relation to others in the same group or condition.
2. How are comparative and superlative adjectives made?
In order to build comparative and superlative structures, some rules must be followed:
- One-syllable adjectives usually form the comparative by adding the ending -er to the adjective, and the superlative by adding the ending -est. The article the usually precedes a superlative.ADJECTIVEOne-syllable adjectivesTallCOMPARATIVE-erTallerSUPERLATIVE-estThe tallest
Exceptions Comparatives Superlatives If the adjective ends in -E Only -R is added Only -ST is addedWideWiderThe widest Adjectives ending in consonant + vowel + consonant The last consonant is doubled and then -ER is added The last consonant is doubled and then -EST is addedBigBiggerThe biggest
- Two-syllable adjectives usually form the comparative by placing the particle more before the adjective, and the superlative by placing the particle the most. The adjective doesn't suffer any changes. The -er and -est forms can also be used instead, but it's less common.ADJECTIVETwo-syllable adjectivesCleverCOMPARATIVEMore / -erMore clever / ClevererSUPERLATIVEThe most / the + -estThe most clever / The cleverest
Exceptions Comparatives Superlatives If the adjective ends in -Y The -Y is replaced by -IER The -Y is replaced by -IESTEasyEasierThe easiest
- Adjectives with three or more syllables form the comparative by placing more in front of the adjective, and the superlative by placing the most. The adjective doesn't suffer any changes.ADJECTIVEMore than two syllablesDifficultCOMPARATIVEMoreMore difficultSUPERLATIVEThe mostThe most difficult
- There are some adjectives that don't follow the rules, they have their own form of comparative and superlative.
Adjetives Comparatives SuperlativesGoodBetter(The) BestBadWorse(The) WorstFarFuther / farther(The) Furthest / Farthest
|One syllable||Tall||-ER||Taller||The -EST||The tallest|
|The most clever The cleverest|
|Two syllables ending in -Y||Happy||-IER||Happier||The -IEST||The happiest|
|More than two syllables||Dangerous||More||More dangerous||The most||The most dangerous|
|Own form||The best