1. Indefinite pronouns with some, any, no and every
2. When do we use the indefinite pronouns: some, any, no and every?
The indefinite pronouns constructed with some, any, no and every vary depending on whether we are referring to people, things or places and also depending on the type of sentence: affirmative, negative or interrogative.
|SOME||Somebody / Someone||Something||Somewhere|
|ANY||Anybody / Anyone||Anything||Anywhere|
|NO||Nobody / No one||Nothing||Nowhere|
|EVERY||Everybody / Everyone||Everything||Everywhere|
- Affirmative sentences
The indefinite pronouns used in sentences with a positive verb are:
Pronouns Examples PEOPLE Somebody / Someone Unspecified or unknown person There is somebody in the kitchen. Anybody / Anyone It doesn’t matter who Anyone can be a hero. Nobody / No one No person Nobody knows the truth. Everybody / Everyone All people Everybody is excited. THINGS Something Unspecified or unknown thing There is something under the table. Anything It doesn’t matter what thing I would do anything to get his autograph. Nothing Not a thing It's nothing, don't worry. Everything All things Everything is ready. PLACES Somewhere Unspecified or unknown place Let's find somewhere to park the car. Anywhere It doesn’t matter what place Your keys could be anywhere. Nowhere No place This road leads nowhere. Everywhere All places I've looked everywhere.
Pronouns with some are used to describe an undetermined person, thing or place. The pronouns with no imply an absence of people, things or places and the pronouns with every, refer to the whole set of people, things or places.
Pronouns with the particle no, are used with a positive verb because in English you cannot use two negative forms in one sentence.I want nothing. / I don't want nothing.
- Negative sentences
Indefinite pronouns used in sentences with a verb in the negative form mainly begin with any:
Pronouns Examples PEOPLE Anybody / Anyone Not a person I don't know anybody in this party. Everybody / Everyone All people She didn't invite everyone to the party. THINGS Anything All people There isn't anything inside the box. Everything All things You haven't put everything in the suitcase. PLACES Anywhere Not a place There isn't anywhere to park the car. Everywhere All places I can't be everywhere.
- Interrogative sentences
The indefinite pronouns used in interrogative phrases are as follows:
Pronouns Examples PEOPLE Somebody A person Are you looking for somebody? Anybody / Anyone A person Is there anybody home? Everybody / Everyone All people Is everyone in the car? THINGS Something A thing Did you say something? Anything A thing Is there anything I can do for you? Everything All things Is everything all right? PLACES Somewhere A place Are you going somewhere? Anywhere A place Did you go anywhere last weekend? Everywhere All places Why is there water everywhere?
In general, in interrogative sentences, we use indefinite pronouns with any. However, when we are quite sure that the answer to the question is a yes, we use some. That usually happens when the question is an offer or a request.Do you want to talk to someone in particular?Would you like something to drink?
Indefinite pronouns are used with a singular verb.
|PEOPLE||Somebody / Someone||Unspecified or unknown person||-||A person|
|Anybody / Anyone||It doesn’t matter who||Not a person||Not a person|
|Nobody / No one||Not a person||-||-|
|Everybody / Everyone||All people||All people||All people|
|THINGS||Something||Unspecified or unknown thing||-||A thing|
|Anything||It doesn’t matter what||Not a thing||A thing|
|Nothing||Not a thing||-||-|
|Everything||All things||All things||All things|
|PLACES||Somewhere||Unspecified or unknown place||-||A place|
|Anywhere||It doesn’t matter what place||Not a place||A place|
|Nowhere||Not a place||-||-|
|Everywhere||All places||All places||All places|