1. The frequency adverbs
The frequency adverbs are those adverbs that are used to express how regularly an action occurs.
2. How are frequency adverbs used?
- In affirmative sentences, the frequency adverbs are always placed after the subject and before the main verb.Subject + frequency adverb + main verb + (complement)We sometimes go to the theatre.I always go cycling on Sundays.Hardly ever and never have a negative meaning and are used in affirmative sentences, as in English, we can't say no twice in a sentence.My puppy hardly ever pees inside the house.Max never wants to work.
- In negative sentences we place the frequency adverb between the auxiliary don't or doesn't and the main verb.Subject + don't/doesn't + frequency adverb + main verb + (complement)I don't often watch TV.He doesn't usually go shopping.
- In interrogative sentences, the frequency adverb will be placed between the subject and the main verb.Do/does + subject + frequency adverb + main verb + (complement)?Do you always go to university by bus?Do you usually travel?
3. Frequency adverbs with the verb to be
When we want to use a frequency adverb with the verb to be, the sentence has a different structure from the one we have detailed above.
- In affirmative sentences, the frequency adverb is placed after the verb to be. Subject + to be + frequency adverb + complementSally is always serious.Carl and Peter are usually angry.
- When the sentence is negative, we simply add the frequency adverb after the verb to be in the negative form ('m not, isn't and aren't).Subject + to be + not + frequency adverb + complementDanny isn't usually nice.You aren't often at home.
- In interrogative sentences, the frequency adverb will be placed between the subject and the complement.To be + subject + frequency adverb + complement?Why is Sally always tired?Are they sometimes at the beach?
|Always||Do you always drink milk for breakfast?|
|Usually||We usually go cycling on Sundays.|
|Often||Does Peter often go out with his friends?|
|Sometimes||We sometimes go to the cinema.|
|Hardly ever||Mary hardly ever watches TV.|
|Never||They never go skiing.|