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Irregular verbs

Verbos irregulares
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1. Los verbos irregulares

Infinitive Past simple Past participle
Be Ser, estar Was/were Been
Beat Golpear, vencer, batir Beat Beaten
Become Convertirse en Became Become
Begin Empezar Began Begun
Bite Morder Bit Bitten
Blow Soplar Blew Blown
Break Romper Broke Broken
Bring Traer Brought Brought
Build Construir Built Built
Burn Quemar Burned/Burnt1 Burned/Burnt1
Buy Comprar Bought Bought
Catch Coger, pillar, atrapar Caught Caught
Choose Elegir, escoger Chose Chosen
Come Venir Came Come
Cost Costar, valer Cost Cost
Cut Cortar Cut Cut
Do Hacer Did Done
Draw Dibujar Drew Drawn
Dream Soñar Dreamed/Dreamt1 Dreamed/Dreamt1
Drink Beber Drank Drunk
Drive Conducir Drove Driven
Eat Comer Ate Eaten
Fall Caer Fell Fallen
Feel Sentir, percibir Felt Felt
Find Encontrar Found Found
Fly Volar Flew Flown
Forget Olvidar Forgot Forgotten
Get Conseguir, obtener Got Got
Give Dar, regalar Gave Given
Go Ir Went Gone
Grow Crecer Grew Grown
Have Tener Had Had
Hear Oír Heard Heard
Hide Esconder Hid Hidden
Hit Pegar, golpear Hit Hit
Hold Agarrar, sujetar Held Held
Hurt Herir, doler Hurt Hurt
Keep Guardar Kept Kept
Know Saber, conocer Knew Known
Learn Aprender Learned / Learnt1 Learned / Learnt1
Leave Salir, marcharse Left Left
Lend Prestar Lent Lent
Lose Perder Lost Lost
Make Hacer Made Made
Make Hacer Made Made
Meet Encontrarse con, conocer Met Met
Pay Pagar Paid Paid
Put Poner Put Put
Read Leer Read2 Read2
Ride Montar (en bici, a caballo...) Rode Ridden
Run Correr Ran Run
Say Decir Said Said
See Ver Saw Seen
Sell Vender Sold Sold
Send Enviar Sent Sent
Sing Cantar Sang Sung
Sit Sentarse Sat Sat
Sleep Dormir Slept Slep
Speak Habar Spoke Spoken
Send Gastar, pasar (tiempo) Spent Spent
Sing Cantar Sang Sung
Sit Sentarse Sat Sat
Sleep Dormir Slept Slep
Speak Hablar Spoke Spoken
Spend Gastar, pasar (tiempo) Spent Spent
Stand Ponerse / estar de pie Stood Stood
Steal Robar Stole Stolen
Swim Nadar Swam Swum
Take Agarrar, coger, llevar Took Taken
Teach Enseñar Taught Taught
Tell Decir Told Told
Think Pensar Thought Thought
Throw Tirar, lanzar Threw Thrown
Understand Entender, comprender Understood Understood
Wake Despertarse Woke Woken
Wear Llevar puesto Wore Worn
Win Ganar Won Won
Write Escribir Wrote Written

1 Hay casos de verbos que adoptan la forma regular -ed y la irregular. Se suelen aceptar la dos aunque probablemente se usa una u otra dependiendo del lugar donde se vive.

2 Normalmente, los verbos que mantienen la misma forma verbal tanto en infinitivo como en pasado y participio se pronuncian de la misma manera. En el caso de read, tanto la forma del pasado como la del participio se pronuncian como el color rojo en inglés (red).

 

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